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A new, improved approach in the design of broadband seismometers is presented. The design results in the implementation of a high performance, low cost, and simple-to-operate instrument. The proposed seismometer is based on a modified accelerometer followed by a continuous time integrator for providing velocity voltage output. It has a broadband response, flat in velocity from 120 s to 75 Hz, high sensitivity 1200 V/(m/s), and 40 Vpp differential output range. The acceleration integration method provides high performance at low frequencies, with self-noise well below the New Low Noise Model at the range 80 s–16 Hz. The mechanical system provides a perfectly linear response of its displacement sensing system. Evaluation, classification, and noise determination of the presented instrument are performed in terms of direct experimental measurements, simulations, and calculations based on raw data from the proposed sensor and from a commercial product with approximately equivalent performance. Its technical features and performance specifications guarantee accurate sensing of local events, with maximum power at the frequency range of 5 to 10 Hz, but also make it ideal for the recording of distant tectonic activity, where extremely weak motions at long periods are expected. The whole design is robust, lightweight, and weatherproof, comprising in this way a useful tool to geoscientists.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10950-023-10175-3


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